MILESTONES IN THE CONSERVATION FOR THE PATAGONIAN SEA

Review of some of the last major milestones for conservation of the Patagonian Sea.

In many of these cases, the Forum and its member organizations have had an active role based on the following premise: scientific information and expert advice, together with broad participatory processes that involve all interested sectors, is the most solid way to advance towards sustainability and safety in management.

1990

Uruguay – February 2000 – Law Nº 17.234

Creation and management of a National System of Natural Resources Protected Areas is declared of general interest.

Brazil – September 2000

Creation of the Area of Environmental Protection for Wright Whales.

To guarantee calm waters for these whales as the central Southern coast of Santa Catarina is their mating and breeding area

1990

Chile – January 2003 – Decree 357

Declaration of the Marine and Coastal Protected Area “Comau Fjord”

Region X De los Lagos.

1990

Chile – January 2004 – Decree 276

Declaration of the Marine and Coastal Protected Area “Francisco Coloane”

Sector of the Magellan Strait and adjacent fjords to the Island of Charles III. Creation of a Marine Park in the province of Magallanes, Region XII and the Chilean Antarctic.

June 2004 – New York, USA

Creation of the Forum for the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea and Areas of Influence

Organizers: Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and BirdLife International (BLI). Participants: 33 representatives of 16 organizations. Relevant topics: Advance in the foundation stage, and create a basic structure sufficient to start with joint activity.

Argentina – October 20 2004 – Law Nº 25.945

Creation of “Monte León”, the first National Coastal Marine Park of Argentina

Province of Santa Cruz. After acquiring Monte León as a fiduciary with funds provided by The Patagonia Land Trust, Fundación Vida Silvestre Argentina donated Monte León to the National Parks Administration.

Chile – October 2004 – Decree 134

Declaration of Choro Zapato a Marine Reserve in Putemun

Region X

Chile – December 2004 – Decree 133

Declaration of the Marine Reserve “Ostra Chilena”

Pullinque, Region X.

1990

Chile – August 2005 – Decree 238

Regulations on Marine Parks and Marine Reserves of the General Law on Fishing and Aquaculture

1990

Chile – June 2006 – Decree 517

Declaration of the Marine and Coastal Protected Area “Lafken-Mapu-Lahual”

Sector of the coast of Osorno, Region X De los Lagos, between Punta Tiburón and Punta Lobería, and land of fiscal beaches on the Island of Hueyelhue.

1950

Argentina – Noviembre 2008

The Forum launches the “Synthesis of the State of Conservation of the Patagonian Sea and Areas of Influence”

Scientific information and expert advice, together with broad participatory processes that include all the interested sectors, is the most solid way to advance towards sustainability and safety in management.

Argentina – 2008

The Forum publishes the book “State of the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea and Areas of Influence”

This book is based on the following premise: Scientific information and expert advice, together with broad participatory processes that include all the interested sectors, is the most solid way to advance towards sustainability and safety in management.

Argentina – December 3 2008 – Law Nº 26.446

Creation of the Inter-jurisdictional Coastal Marine Park “Patagonia Austral”

Province of Chubut. Since2001 Fundación Patagonia Natural and Wildlife Conservation Society had been working to promote its protection.

Brasil – December 2008 – Presidential Decree Nº 6698

Designation of the jurisdictional waters of Brazil as a Sanctuary for Whales and Dolphins

The Brazilian waters are reserved in their entirety for the non-lethal use of these animals, for scientific investigation and for wildlife watching tourism.

1950

Uruguay – July 20 2009 – Decree 337/009

Creation of the National Park “Cabo Polonio”

1950

Uruguay – February 18, 2010 – Decree 61/010

Creation of the Protected Landscape “Laguna Rocha”

Uruguay – November 21, 2010 – Decrees 341/014; 388/014

Creation of the Area of Management for Habitats and Species “Laguna Garzón”

Mexico – December 2010 – United Nations Conference

COP16/CMP6. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The countries that adhere to the Convention on Biological Diversity agree to reach a protection of 10% of the marine surface in year 2020.

1950

Uruguay – August 10 2011 – Decree 285/011

Creation of the Protected Coastal Marine Area “Cerro Verde and Islas de la Coronilla”

1950

Argentina – August 12 2012 – Provincial Law Nº 3.146.

Creation of the Inter-jurisdictional Marine Park “Isla Pingüino”

Argentina – December 13 2012 – Law Nº 26.817

Creation of the Inter-jurisdictional Marine Park “Isla Makenke”

Province of Santa Cruz. Close to 70.000 hectares at sea are protected.

1950

Argentina – May 2013

The Forum publishes the “Patagonian Sea Lighthouses. Relevant areas for the Conservation of Marine Biodiversity”

As a result of the integration of expert knowledge and scientific data, 23 priority coastal and pelagic marine areas were identified, which were called The Patagonian Sea Lighthouses. These areas require special attention in the short and medium term due to their value as natural resources and their state of conservation.

Argentina – 2013

Creation of the Protected Marine Area “Namuncurá-Burdwood Bank”

This is the first Argentine oceanic protected area. Its origin dates back to 2008, when some scientists and members of the Forum for the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea provided advice to government authorities on the establishment of a permanent ban on fishing in a part of the area.

Uruguay – September 2013 – Law 19.128.

Declaration of the Jurisdictional and Exclusive Economic Zone waters as Sanctuary for Whales and Dolphins

The initiative was presented by the Organization for Whale Conservation together with a group of school children from the Maldonado and Rocha departments.

2000

Chile – February 26, 2014

Creation of the Multiple Use Marine Coast Area “Pitipalena-Añihue”

Coast of the Raúl Marin Balmaceda district, in Region XI, Aysén. This sparked unprecedented work at a national level focused on the protection of marine ecosystems and the involvement of the communities in this type of process.

Argentina – 2014 – Sanction of Law 27037

Creation of the National System of Marine Protected Areas

In May 2013, the Forum for the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea delivered a document to the Senate with suggestions that contributed to improvements in the text of the project. In June 2014 Forum members held talks with the deputies that had to analyze the project prior to its final sanction.

2000

Argentina – June 8, 2017 – Decree Nº 402

The National Parks Administration is appointed Application Authority for the National System of Marine Protected Areas

Brasil – June 16, 2017

Brazil becomes a member of the Convention on Migratory Species.

Chile – September 2017

4th International Congress of Protected Marine Areas (IMPAC 4)

The Forum contributed 5 proposals to the congress on the conservation of the largest oceans of the world.

2010

Chile – February 2018

5 new MPA are declared and contribute to protect 42% of the Chilean sea

Islas Diego Ramírez-Paso Drake and Archipiélago de Juan Fernández Marine Parks, Seno Almirantazgo and Caleta Tortel Coastal Marine Areas for Multiple Uses and Rapa Nui MPA. This is the result of cooperation among governments, local communities, scientists and civil society organizations, among which we recognized especially NatGeo PristineSeas, Oceana Chile, WCS Chile and Pew Environment, member organizations of the Forum that have been contributing in different regions for this milestone to happen.