Wednesday, October 18, 2017

 

The first Coastal Marine Protected Area established in Chile, located at the western end of the Strait of Magellan. It is a breeding site and foraging ground for the humpback whale and a natural habitat for other cetaceans such as Sei whales (vulnerable species), Minke whales, and killer whales. There are sea lion colonies on its shores, as well as breeding sites of penguins and other seabirds. As in other southern areas, of Chile there are sea otters (endangered).

 

Conservation Status

Vulnerable

Jurisdiction

Chilean Territorial Sea, Chilean Antarctica and Magellan Region (Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena), Province of Magallanes, comunas of Punta Arenas and Río Verde.

Biogeographical Region

Temperate seas of South America. Magellanic Province.
Ecoregion: Channels and Fjords of southern Chile.

Surface

1.080 km2

Types of Habitats

Coastal environments of fjords, glaciers, bays, channels and islands. In the undersea environments: rocky and coral reefs and brown algae beds.

Wealth of species

Nine marine mammal species; 32 waterfowl and seabird species.

Main Uses

Artisanal fishing. Navigation. Tourism and scientific research. The Golfo Xaultegua was defined as an area appropriate for aquaculture and many applications for this activity have been submitted.

Threats

Unregulated fishing and tourism. Rubbish dumps.

Management - Main Government Bodies

Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, Subsecretaría de Pesca (SUBPESCA), Servicio Nacional de Pesca (SERNAPESCA), Dirección General del Territorio Marítimo y de Marina Mercante (DIRECTEMAR), CONAF (administración del Parque Nacional Alberto De Agostini), authorities of the Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena, authorities of the towns of Punta Arenas and Río Verde.

Level of protection

The Francisco Coloane Coastal Marine Protected Area was established in 2003 covering 760 km2.

 

Humpback Whale © Ricardo Muza

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